Wednesday, August 26, 2015

Quantum Consciousness in Animals

Consciousness occurs when one is in a state of awareness of one’s self and the external environment. Quantum consciousness is computed within the cytoskeleton of the cells; basic units of life which comprise of unicellular and multicellular animal life. Consciousness has always been linked to the nervous system but there are several studies that have recorded conscious behaviours in animals with and without nerve cells. Animal behaviour is represented as conscious moment, which occurs due to an event, which may be intentional or unintentional. The existence of consciousness in animals can be based on the exhibited behaviours and its comparison to multifaceted conscious behaviours observed in higher beings; which is driven by protein conformational changes within the cytoskeleton network of cells, performed within the domains of space time geometry.

Key Words:  Animals, Quantum, Cytoskeleton, Consciousness
Human based consciousness comprises of, what we see, hear, touch, taste, smell, feel, etc, which is termed as ‘phenomenal consciousness’ and this has led to a one-way thinking in determining the existence of true consciousness (Clark 2001). Humans evolved at a much later stage in evolution, before which the earth was dominated by organisms which survived and are still surviving based on their manipulative intelligence, to perceive and understand the environment. Conscious behaviours observed in animals may not be similar to human consciousness but are unique in their own space. Superiority does not exist and cannot be falsely determined by the brain size or its capacity, as organisms much smaller have demonstrated capabilities which cannot be matched to human intelligence, especially when the human genome has almost 150 genes that have originated from microorganisms and viruses (Crisp et al., 2015).Several forms of conscious behaviours are known to exist in organisms ranging from viruses to humans and there is no reason why arguments for possession of consciousness must be backed by the existence of the nervous system, which is a wonderful system, but in its own place and organism. Failure to behave like humans does not mean the absence of capability. 

Many years ago, humans realized that in order to survive they needed to form communities with people of different talents which could be achieved through proper communication and cooperation. Animals ranging from micro to macro levels such as cell, worms, ants, bees, mammals, etc are known to display conscious behaviours and are known to engage in Hamiltonian descriptions of cooperative interactions such as altruism, where interactions are beneficial to the recipient but costly to the actor and mutualism, that provides a direct fitness benefit to the organism that performs the behaviour, which outweighs the cost of performing the behaviour (Neilands 1995). Lynn Margulis, in the endosymbiotic theory of organelle evolution, suggested that not only animals but every organized being is conscious (Margulis and Sagan 1995). Humberto Maturana was the first to propose that living systems though cognitive systems are applicable to all organisms with and without a nervous system (Maturana 1970). At the first annual Francis Crick memorial conference on consciousness held on 7th July, 2012, a group of scientists formally declared a document entitled “Cambridge Declaration on Consciousness in Non-Human Animals” which stated that the capacity of consciousness emerged very early in evolution and those processes that support consciousness in humans are likely characteristics of many living organisms (Low 2012). 

Animal Consciousness is Purely Quantum Computed
Consciousness is the ability to be aware of and to be able to perceive the relationship between one’s self and one’s environment. It is to be associated with the ability to process, store and act on information gathered from the external environment (Miller and Bassler 2001) while quantum consciousness proposes the existence and creation of a conscious moment through a computational event (Hameroff and Penrose 2014). The information of consciousness gained by the movement of the energy, resides in patterns of matter and energy, which are built up in the cell based on prior experiences with more interaction and knowledge.  The quantum hologram theory by Marcer proposes that, life at the most basic level such as primitive cells exchange information with the environment by utilizing quantum coherence of non-locality (Mitchell and Staretz 2011). Evolutionary comparison of the cytoskeleton and its structures suggests that consciousness existed from the very beginning and has been propagating by means of the cytoskeletal network of the cell by means of quantum computing (Pereira 2015) and therefore forms the basis of consciousness for every living being. Animal consciousness originates within the cytoskeletal structures at a cellular level. The microtubules in the brain cells have demonstrated this message transfer via the Orch OR theory penned by Roger Penrose and Stuart Hameroff (Hameroff and Penrose 2014). The cytoskeleton is expected to be a source of vibrations that generate cellular electromagnetic forces at kilohertz to gigahertz range, which is also connected to the metastatic growth of this network (Sahu et al., 2013).

Penrose and Hameroff claim that constant formation and reformation of tubulin states in the cytoskeleton are governed by quantum mechanical effects within each tubulin interior and these effects function as a quantum computer using "quantum bits" that interact non-locally with other tubulins and with quantum holograms. When enough tubulins are entangled long enough to reach a certain threshold, a "conscious event" occurs with the collapse of the wave function within the domains of space-time geometry (Hameroff 1998).  Quantum based consciousness originates within every cell of all unicellular and multicellular organisms and therefore forms the support mechanism for important functions managed at a cellular level such as cell proliferation and differentiation, apoptosis, DNA synthesis, RNA transcription, protein expression, ATP synthesis and metabolic activity. Quantum consciousness enables animals to understand and judge perceptions, which gives the animal a prospect to behave as per will.

Conscious behaviour is prevalent in the animal kingdom and in comparison to the neural system, is in lower form, but by division of labour in cells it propagates and attains a higher state, as observed in higher organisms. Whether unicellular or multicellular, we all depend on our past experiences and observation and use this for several actions that need to be performed in our day to day life, which is managed by the conscious decisions that we take, which may be new or retrieved from memory. Quantum generated consciousness or sentience within the cytoskeleton, has the ability to make an animal conscious of its surroundings and its main effort is to gain a clear perception to associate and recognize favourable and unfavourable conditions, just like the brain in higher animals and the protoplasm in unicellular organisms. 
Clark, K.B. (2012). Social biases determine spatiotemporal sparseness of ciliate mating heuristics. Commun. Integr. Biol. 1; 5(1), 3–11.
Crisp, A., Boschetti, C., Perry, M., Tunnacliffe, A., Micklem, G. (2015). Expression of multiple horizontally acquired genes is a hallmark of both vertebrate and invertebrate genomes. Genome Biol, 16, 50. doi: 10.1186/s13059-015-0607-3.

Hameroff, S. (1998). Quantum Computation in Brain Microtubules? The Penrose-Hameroff "Orch Or" Model of Consciousness. Philosophical Transactions: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, Royal Society of London. 356(1743), 1869-1896.

Hameroff, S. & Penrose, R. (2014).  Consciousness in the universe. A review of the ‘Orch OR’ theory. Phys. Life Rev. 11, 39–78.

Low, P. (2012). Consciousness in human and non-human animals. The Francis Crick Memorial Conference, eds Panksepp J, et al. (Cambridge, UK). 2012. Available at http:// Accessed April 10, 2015.

Margulis. L. & Sagan, D. (1995) What is Life? New York, NY, USA: Simon & Schuster. ISBN: 0684826917.

Maturana, H.R. (1970) Biology of cognition. In Autopoeisis and Cognition. pp 1–58. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Reidel. (Site Accessed on 10th March 2015)

Miller, M. B. & Bassler, B.L. (2001). "Quorum sensing in bacteria". Annu. Rev. Microbiol. 55 (1): 165–99. doi:10.1146/annurev.micro.55.1.165. PMID 11544353.

Mitchell, E. D. & Staretz, R. (2011). The Quantum Hologram and the Nature of Consciousness. Journal of Cosmology, Vol. 14.
Neilands, J. B. (1995). “Siderophores: Structure and Function of Microbial Iron Transport Compounds”. J. Biol. Chem. 270 (45), 26723 – 26726. doi:10.1074/jbc.270.45.26723.

Pereira C. (2015). Cytoskeleton and Consciousness: An Evolutionary Based Review. NeuroQuantology 13 (2): 232-239.

Sahu, S., Ghosh, S., Hirata, K.,Fujita, D., Bandyopadhyay, A. (2013). Multi level memory switching properties of a single brain microtubule. Appl Phys Lett.102:123701

Dr. Contzen Pereira

Independent Scholar, Mumbai, India
Corresponding Author. Address: Nandadeep, 302, Tarun Bharat Soc, Chakala, Andheri (East), Mumbai 400 099, India. Tel: +919819642456, +912266750530 Email Address:,

Monday, August 24, 2015

Destruction of the Ego is Unnecessary for Spiritual Growth

In many schools of spiritual thought and study, we are constantly reminded that in order to make progress we must destroy the ego. In this article the author looks at these principals and takes the reader on a deeper account that indicates, potentially, these ancient teachings may have been misinterpreted over time and communicated incorrectly. The ego is an intrinsic part of our consciousness. To seek to destroy it is to seek to destroy ourselves. There can be no spiritual progress with the intention set for self-destruction. Rather than self-destruction, the author proposes that understanding and then side-stepping the egoic control is all that a seeker needs to spiritually progress.

Keywords: Consciousness, Ego, Spirituality, Growth 

If you’ve wandered through any spiritual or new age works either recent or reportedly ancient, you may have encountered the concept of ego destruction. As with many other ancient concepts or ideas, I cannot help but wonder if this is yet another epic misinterpretation. Forgive me, as I mean no disrespect to any person, faith or practice as I write. I merely wish to paint the picture of an alternative perspective and one that I think is sorely needed for much greater understanding. In my book, Exploring the Conscious Self for Growth and Understanding, I explored the ego and consciousness and came to the beginnings of some conclusions as follows: 

  • From my exploration into the topic of consciousness, the ego as the veil, I begin to come to the conclusion that the life we experience here on Earth is the result of a conscious individuation from the Cosmic Mind or One Mind in the form of ego for the purpose of a physical experience in an individuated focal point of existence in a specific time. 
  • The ego is the veil that separates humanity from the Cosmic Mind or that, to us, which is unconscious or simply, not yet known.
  • The veil does not separate us from our Source or sever the connection to that Cosmic Mind but rather obscures it through the existence of the ego.
  • We remain part of the entirety of the cosmos, our cells, molecules and particles gathered as a density intentionally collected in a point of focus here in this now as are all entities in existence within this frame or dimension of often misunderstood inter-connectedness as well as inter dependence.

The ego exists as learned scholars and wise spiritual teachers will in unison agree. Where they all may diverge is on the purpose of the ego and understanding its related consciousness. In my dissertation, I posit that it is because of the ego that we have individuated from the One Mind or Cosmic Consciousness and this intentionally formed the veil between the physical conscious world and the world of unconsciousness, ether or the ethereal realms of the spirit. It is through the process of choosing individual experience that seems to separate us from our Source at a purely physical or conscious level. We did so in order to experience creating and the receiving of the gift and the use of free will from whatever Source or Force in this universe that created us. As a unified whole, we still exist, I think, as everything in creation is interconnected as well as interdependent. Others are beginning to join this body of thought. (117)

In another of my works, So It’s Over, Now What, I explored another concept I wish to share with you, Malware:

Part of the brain’s simulation process is taking in data from the outside and bumping it up against the various memories we have stored within our minds. By comparing the data the mind makes assumptions about the data it has perceived, runs its simulations, comes up with assessments or conclusions, which then trigger various biological processes which can help keep us safe. Without memory and the ability to recall it, we might forget about that time fire burned our fingers and reach blindly into a flame without any caution. One of the challenges with memories is that they are not always exact and we sometimes store the memories of our resulting judgments from our mind’s simulation processes negatively. If we emotionally charge events such as those that are painful to us, those memories will be a bit easier to find during our mind’s simulation processes. The problem with the mind’s simulation processes it that the mind automatically assumes the data it takes in is correct, especially if within the memory it finds a similar painful outcome to a process. A painful memory may be distorted over time. Such memories may cause us to become triggered over an emotional landmine (read, unhealed psychological wound) that was based on an assumption not validated.

I refer to this as malware or a virus being introduced into our mental processing system. With malware or a virus in place in our mental processes, we may jump to conclusions without accurate data and decide that vengeance or revenge is the appropriate course of action given the data the mind has taken in, simulated, judged through the filters of all kinds of psychologically tainted experiences and then resulting in illusory emotion that seem real making someone feel a dire urge to strike out to preserve the ego or the body.

If your operating system is not in perfect health, you’ve let your emotional landmine blow somebody up but primarily, it’s you also that is hurt the worst by the blast because you were unaware of the psychological virus or malware unconsciously installed somewhere in your memory or emotions attached to a memory in your thought processing system. (47)

In two separate explorations shared, I’ve outlined a concept of the ego as that part of our Consciousness (Big “C” – Cosmic Consciousness) that has pointed its focus in this physical reality. I’ve also introduced the concept of malware in regard to the mental operating systems via beliefs and psychology in two of my separate works quoted above. Now think for just a moment. If we were to destroy the ego in an effort to spiritually advance, would we still be here in this third-dimensional reality? I don’t know the answer to that and I don’t know how we get to the answer of that. If you were to take a person and destroy their ego in quite literal terms, where would the “I” of them go? They’d still be here which means their individuation still exists and then, so would their ego. What I put forth is the idea that it is not bad to have an ego, it is not wrong to think in terms of “I” and it is not wrong to be an “I” in this frame. You can still progress in this frame spiritually by maintaining the “I” or the “Ego” or any of its component parts or aspects of consciousness. My explorations have led me to a path of consideration that it is actually not "the ego that must be destroyed in order for humanity to be awakened" but that it is the malware that must be discovered, rooted out or otherwise healed in order for an individual here in this frame with an “I” focus (what other focus can individuated consciousness have here in this frame?) to grow into greater awareness and improve health and well-being.
It is not the ego that must be destroyed or any part of your being that you should dislike or seek to destroy. In fact, it is the opposite. 

The “I” that is you is perfect in design. What is imperfect (or really, rather the challenge) is what you have within the concept of “I” that isn’t necessarily what you came here with, “Malware” in your mental operating processes. Now, I think in some cases that there is past-life residue that can permeate the “I” but even that is separate from the “I” that is you or the Ego. Even with malware operating in your consciousness, you can still step outside of it and observe it in action and experience the vast peaceful connectedness of the Cosmic Consciousness as Eckhart Tolle outlines in his work, The Power of Now. I think that we exist exactly as we are meant to. Our consciousness is never not connected (forgive me the double negative) to the Cosmic Consciousness but that we just have an individuated focus for the purpose of gaining experience. To me, this logically explains the variations of perception and belief from human to human. To me this logically unites many theories in a way that I can understand and that build a logical and necessary framework for me of complete compassion for every individuated aspect of consciousness here existing in the physical at this time.

The ego is a part of you. To want to destroy a part of yourself, I think, is one of the most harmful concepts in existence. To understand any virus or malware existing within your mental conscious operating system so that you can heal it and unite fragmented aspects of your consciousness into a loving, accepting, understanding and compassionate wholeness makes much more sense to me than destroying or surrendering the ego. You cannot be other than who you are. The true self is always there no matter what mental virus or malware has seeped into your consciousness. The true self can always observe, experience, understand, learn and grow even with the malware. Discovering the psychological wounds that are the "malware" and striving to transcend them brings greater understanding and a deeper sense of connectedness and awareness. You don’t have to destroy any part of you for that. You need only be open to understanding the framework within which you operate. Trust in your truest nature it is there right along with the “I” and the “We” of individuated as well as united Consciousness.

Exploring the Conscious Self for Growth and Understanding, 2014, Harter, J.L., Ministry of Connected Consciousness, CA

So It's Over. Now What? 2014, Harter, J.L., Ministry of Connected Consciousness, CA

The Power of Now,
Tolle, Eckhart, 1999, New World Library, CA

Thursday, August 20, 2015

Biophysical Understanding of Resonance at a Cellular Level


Consciousness has always been linked to the nervous system or rather the brain, but there recorded conscious behaviours in organisms without nerve cells have changed the perspective of consciousness. A living cell is a blend of resonant frequencies, due to degrees of freedom that make it vibrate as a harmonic oscillator supporting the progression of vibrations as waves in and out of the system; to the neighbouring cells, to the body, to other bodies and ultimately to the Universe; all of which connects. Quantum generated consciousness is energy; emerges in each and every living cell and traverses by means of resonating vibrations; which utilizes the cellular structures to flow by means of a coherent, obscured, robust, recoverable process.

Key Words

Electromagnetic field, Cell, Consciousness, Quantum, Resonance


Energy is the cause of the universe, a form created from nothingness but its principle of action is expressed through change managed by entropy. Matter is an asymmetric form of light, which moulds and creates e.g. a living cell, with the capability to interact and capture energy. The living cell is an organization of elementary particles, which requires a symmetric energy state, for it to come into existence. Energy obtained in the form of electromagnetic radiation is highly conserved in the universe and is the key to understanding the phenomenon of consciousness. Resonating frequencies are produced when such forces of nature activate the vibrational transfer of energy by means of highly organized objects at their natural frequency or naturally occurring frequencies. Connected via resonance, cells and bodies can transmit energy across domains and therefore are in constant state of interaction and interference; keeping all cosmos connected.

Energy controls the movement of consciousness and therefore supports the concept of resonance wherein transduction occurs within cellular structures and at the level of intermingling bodies. The technique of healing is a best example of resonance spawned via consciousness, where healers focus on their subjects to create a resonance interference pattern resulting in a healing effect, attributed to the supernatural but occurring at a cellular level. Similarly, when people pray for others, they initiate a non-local resonance process which may result in a positive effect due to focused attention and energy transfer. Consciousness exists in every single living cell and the effects of resonating frequencies generated due to structures within the cells of an organism connects at cellular and multicellular level; internally as well as externally.

Electromagnetic radiation – Cause and Effect of Consciousness

Electromagnetic radiations play an important role in biological systems and depend on energy transferring factors like radiation strength and frequency. Photons that interact with a cell can be absorbed, scattered or reflected and in the process resonates at different frequencies. Scattered photons are eventually absorbed or escape in the form of diffused reflection, but absorbed photons interact with organic molecules or photo molecules. Most communications within or between cells occurs via chemical or electrical signalling. Cells obey the laws of physics, such as the first law of thermodynamics and hence can be viewed as a thermodynamic machine but simultaneously it locally acts against the second law of thermodynamics by creating structural and functional order. 

Living cells can therefore be viewed as micro-factories with nano-machines performing individual tasks. Meditation and chanting is an art of managing one’s own vibrations at a cellular level, which is not produced directly but is derived by a summation of electromagnetic vibrations within the cells that can produce healing effects within tissues and poorly functioning cells. Resonant entrainment is a phenomenon which is demonstrated by biological systems wherein cells oscillating at a particular frequency, oscillate neighbouring cells at the same frequency generating a quantum-based conscious or cognitive ripple effect.

Materialization of Quantum Consciousness at a Cellular level

Consciousness is the ability to be aware of and to be able to perceive the relationship between one’s self and one’s environment while quantum consciousness proposes the existence and creation of a conscious moment through a computational event. The information of consciousness gained by the movement of the energy, resides in patterns of matter and energy, which are built up in the cell based on prior experiences with more interaction and knowledge. The trapping of electromagnetic radiation and propagation of the energy in the cell wholly depends on the organization of matter, which makes up the cell, its components and biochemical systems. On disentanglement or release, the photons are released and it merges with the electromagnetic radiation in the cosmos, an involuntary cycle that cannot be changed or altered. The photons interact within the cell, only if its structure and cellular processes are primed; in the absence of these structures, the propagation gets altered.

Quantum consciousness enables the cell to understand and judge perceptions, which gives the cell a prospect to behave as per will which is released into the cosmos. The universe comprises of things which have known frequencies or more than one frequency.  Resonating structures like the cytoskeletal network of single cells resonate when they vibrate at their natural frequency or multiple natural frequencies transferring energy to its adjacent structures so that they begin to vibrate at the same frequency, which begins at a molecular level and connects the cell and the body to the Universe.  Meditators, healers, religious, mystics and natural psychics routinely use the technique of resonance, by focusing attention on physical objects and icons by allowing intuitive perceptions to enter a state of conscious awareness. The experience is an altered sense of space-time with closure of self and a unified sense of relationship with all that exists through the balance of the resonating frequencies between the cells, the body, the earth and the universe


Every single biological cell is conscious and goes through the voluntary and involuntary cycles of quantum generated consciousness. Quantum consciousness though present within a cell becomes much more complex with multicellularity and cell diversity. We are all part of a universe that demonstrates harmonic resonance, which includes the smallest wave-like vibrations that can be generated via the smallest particles of matter to larger orbital resonances that emerge from the galaxies and stars oscillating at specific frequencies. Resonance can be accomplished when the flow of quantum consciousness is smooth, alert and expansive, but gets deformed when consciousness is taut, disordered and apart. 

Dr. Contzen Pereira
Independent Scholar, Mumbai, India
Corresponding Author. Address: Nandadeep, 302, Tarun Bharat Soc, Chakala, Andheri (East), Mumbai 400 099, India. Tel: +919819642456, +912266750530 Email Address:,

The Body’s Confluence with the Numinous Essence:

Consciousness’s Bifurcation from the CNS’s Neurophysiological Machinations

By Dr. Ron Shane, Assisted by Karan Pandher, Lauren Kupis, Mekela Neelakantan, Sophanna Ek, Nicki Ki, and Alva Liang


For nearly 3000 years philosophers and scientists have been in a contentious siege regarding the nature of mind and brain. Currently, most neuroscientists purport that the nature of mind represents the neurological mechanisms of highly evolved cortical circuitry. However, there is substantial evidence that there could be a meta-phenomenon which is experienced in the furtive dimensions of the body, which is ascertaining a perceptual reality not principally associated with the neurophysiological processes of the nervous system. The focus of this article is to explicate the unification between mind and brain in such a manner where there is viable evidence for the existence of a meta-physiological phenomenon that works in conjunction with the higher cortical processes.

Keywords: theoretical neuroscience, mind-body relationships, neurophysiology, esoteric psychology, philosophy, metaphysics

            A statement from Shakespeare’s Hamlet explores the disquisition of the antipodal relationship between the corporal body, and its arcane spiritual sphere. This visionary artists writes, “For nature crescent does not grow alone in thews and bulk, as this temple waxes the inward service of mind and soul grow wide withal”. 1 Shakespearean critics do not intuitively comprehend the paramount nature of his abstruse commentary; and this is the quintessence of King Lear’s disquieting genesis. Shakespeare utilizes the provocative thrall of the mental eye twice in the first act of Hamlet, which may not be an essential province of the CNS’s machinations: In my mind’s eye, Horatio Act 1 Scene 2 Line 185; and a mote it is to trouble the mind’s eye” (Act 1 Scene 1 Line 115). 2, 3

            For Shakespeare the nature of genesis represents an ontology of the numinous sphere’s mind and soul as well as oscillation of the body’s fleshy realm. 4 According to Shakespeare, the outward actions are a kind of dumb show where the import of arcane metamorphosis is the soul and mind. Western epistemology dismisses, and is ignominious to the ontology of the body’s mental and spiritual sphere. 5 These pedants celebrate the foison pestilence of the CNS’s dominance over the etheric body as well as its aberrant machinations. 

            Plato, Kant, Nietzsche, Blake, Keats, and Shelley as well as Shakespeare and even Spenser explicated the ostensible bifurcation between in Kantian terms the numinous sphere and the corporal body. Milton and Descartes were unfettered by the constraints of the delimiting tyrannical sway associated with the workings of the CNS’s orbital frontal cortex. Blake writes in the poem, The Tyger, about the “fearful symmetry” of the brain’s derived cognizance. He venerates the revelry of the numinous body’s mental sphere as well as the actualized dynamics of the mental eye. 6, 7

            The issue concerning the dichotomous impassionment between brain/body and mind/spirit was discussed by Plato 2400 years ago; and there has not been any kind of lucid resolution. Plato was sagacious enough to comprehend that consciousness may be a meta-phenomenon, which incorporates qualitatively distinctive permutations of the deeper body. 8 The contemporary paradigm establishing the esoteric consecration of the body as being a function of the CNS or the ruminations of ubiquitous super circuits associated with orbital frontal cortex may certainly be erroneous and fallacious. The neurophysiological disequilibrium or Blake’s Urizenic enfetterment is the delirium, which prevents any kind of lucidity involved with a furtive perception. 9

            Descartes was privy like many other philosophers to the dissension between the body’s neurophysiological machinations and in Kantian terms the numinous effulgence. Jung postulated an unconscious, which is a kind of cryptic perception of the body’s non-corporal sphere. 10 There has not been any evolution in the blitheful relationship between the body’s numinous realm and the CNS’s ratiocination since Plato’s prodigious analysis. Western neuroscientists and medical clinicians have developed a paradigm, which essentially dismisses the existence of the body’s numinous realm. The English Romantic Artists viewed zealous empiricism as an erroneous tyranny. 

            The focus of this article is to postulate some kind of etheric realm to the body’s corporal sphere, which has a consciousness qualitatively distinctive from the machinations of the CNS. This hypothesis is considered to be contentious to most Western medical theorists. Joseph Campbell who has been liberated from the pathos of theosophy purported that there is an overwhelming evidence in cross-cultural traditions as to how humans have developed the numinous sphere of the body. 11 The stultification of contemporary pragmatism restricts any theorizing that defies the principle suppositions of their reverent model. Academic lucidity has been stymied by Western theosophy and empiricism for two millennia where Plato’s assertions have not been sagaciously advanced with higher veracity. 

            Nietzsche’s vision of the Dionysian substantiates a liberation of consciousness where the gyves of an Apollonian ratiocination are forsaken to where the body’s rapturous etheric sphere is again prodigiously dominant. It is the author’s view that the CNS millennians ago was more submissively edifying to the rhapsodic powers of the numinous body’s mental sphere. Plato’s Ion is reflective of consciousness’ translocation where it is again provocatively sublimely inspired. 12 The English romantic poets like Nietzsche were cognizant of an ineffable consciousness as defined by Joseph Campbell as the ecstatic elevation of the Kundalini complex, which appears to be a universal cultural phenomenon; and it is distinctive from the neurological processes of the central and peripheral nervous systems. 

            The nature of proof is most problematic with respect to showing the existence in biological terms of the body’s ineffable sphere. Physicists have been able to postulate the existence of gravity, and most recently dark matter and energy. 13, 14, 15 Philosophers and neuroscientists are seeking some kind of qualitative assessment of the existence related to the body’s numinous sphere. Artists and visionaries have purported an intuitive veracity correlated to this meta-phenomenon. Archeologists have provided evidence for the fact that humans from most indigenous cultural traditions experienced some kind of ecstatic ascendance, which was not associated with the body’s corporality or in anthropomorphic terms the ethos of contemporary theosophical constructs. 

The body’s interior landscape is qualitatively different from the CNS’s conceptual ruminations. Some erudite medically trained neuroscientists are skeptical that neocortical functionality can explicate consciousness or the existence of the body’s mystical quintessence. The dialectic in philosophy pertinent to the existence of whether homosapiens or other higher intelligent entities have a primordial essence not related to its ostensible biological machinations is still problematic. Concepts like alienation, meaninglessness, and absurdity appear to be a consequence of certain cortical circuits, which are dissociated from the body’s numinous sphere. The recent intellectual phenomenon of existentialism represents an individual’s sequestration from the debilitating cultural anthropomorphic ideologies as well as the heuristic bodily sentience and its interior proclivities.

There is considerable evidence that humans for millennians in arcane ceremonialism were released from the enfetterment of the CNS’s cortical predilections; and then were rapturously impassioned by the body’s etheric citadel where it ecstatically coalesced with an ineffable sphere of the celestial realm. This mystical paradigm could be delusional; however, it has been executed by homosapiens for thousands of years. There appears to be an enigmatic modulation of super-circuits where this kind of ecstatic ritualism has been abnegated for several millennia by contemporary cultures. 

It is the author’s contention that the metaphysical malaise or deleterious bifurcation of the corporal sphere from the body’s interior realm is a function of epigenetic aberrant cortical remodeling. William Blake was not educated in neurobiology; however, he purported that there is a neurophysiological dysfunctionality where certain cortical circuits has usurped powers of what has been deemed to be the mind. Blake in the Four Zoas, and Milton explicated how the mental treachery of cortical neurological machinations has impacted the furtive body’s mental sphere. 16, 17 He provides the structural dynamics in his later poems where the numinous essence can experience ascendant resurgence or be mirthfully aroused; and not stultified by the aberrant circuitry of the brain’s phenotypical epigenetic aberrations. 

The aesthetic revelry of artists like Blake and Shelley in empirical terms cannot confirm the existence of the numinous body as it may be distinctive from its biological processes. Physiologists have substantially defined these sophisticated pumping mechanisms of the heart, but metaphysical scientists have not in 2400 years comprehended what is the soul, and its relationship to the spiritual body. All of the English Romantic Visionary’s behests can be regarded as harbingers to the deathly enamorment of the numinous body. R. Shane’s dissertation on Blake is an invidious explication of the torpid dismay of the arcane body. 18 Blake and other Romantic poets depicted how the etheric body lies barren in a despicable lethal sleep. The dialectic between the spiritual body and the tyrannical sway of the CNS’s usurping cursiveness or the cortical perfidiousness as a function of phenotypical remodeling is a diatribe which cannot be resolved. Studies of enigmatic consciousness have been impossible in 2400 years since Plato. The poet Ion as depicted by Plato was able to be released from the debilitating manacles of his cortical tyranny to experience the etheric body’s maniacal rapture. Human acculturalization is correlated with ostensible modification in the cortex’s architecture; 19 and more importantly the CNS’s skewed functionality. James Joyce’s Ulysses is a parody of the CNS’s virulent dominance; and preclusion of the bodily sentience, and specifically the numinous essence’s predilections. 20

Huxley in his work The Door’s of Perception  asserted that the utilization of psychoactive substances were necessary to forsake in Blake’s terms “the mind’s forged manacles.” 21 Many medical researchers have reported in patients a blitheful activation of the etheric body as a result of utilizing these highly medicinal agents. The distinction between visionary poets and stalwart scientists may reside in the translocation of consciousness. The neuro scientific text Descartes’s  Error  may actually represent the overall desecration of the etheric body by the author. 22 This work is a quasi- scientific rendition of the contentious siege of brain and mind. The author Dr. Demasio extrapolates from modern scientific hypotheses that it is possible to explicate the sophisticated processes involved with consciousness as being thoroughly in the province of cortical neurological workings; and thus, it is not necessary to postulate an erroneous construct of what has been referred to by philosophers as mind. It is likely what this medical doctor is documenting that his evocative mental body is thoroughly desecrated and stultified. The essential distinction between Plato and Aristotle is that the former could still comprehend the existence of the body’s ethereal sphere. Philosophers like Kant and Descartes even though they were impaled by the ethos of modern theosophy were able to postulate that the metaphysical sentience of consciousness was qualitatively different from the CNS’s cortical machinations. 23 The empirical science of 21st century precludes that the body is modulated by its ineffable sphere. Thus, any meta-science of ontological genesis regarding the numinous body is an impossibility in the 21st century. 

William Blake and Carl Jung both purported that the mystical salubriousness of the homosapiens was predicated upon the ubiquitous archetypal development of the etheric body. It is a pathetic oxymoron to speak or make reference to the development of the etheric body if the individual is inwardly stultified and desecrated. Many writers in the 20th century consecrated a labyrinth of ratiocination as a deceptive ploy to dissuade individuals from the dismal shade of the etheric body. It may be most arduous to resolve the issue concerning that the body as having a substantial incorporeal sphere when philosophers or scientists are ruefully enfettered by their virulent cortical processes engendered by epigenetic remodeling. 

Western clinicians are realizing the idiopathic nature of certain pathologies, which could have their etiologies in the malaise of the etheric body. Dr. Sam Parnia has theorized that the body and the brain have an independence in terms of neurological transmission capabilities. 24 He has compiled sufficient evidence from a myriad of near-death experiences. The science of the metaphysics of the numinous body has been in a retrograde inertia compared to astrophysics. In the author’s view, the furtive metaphysics of the etheric body will continue to be in a quagmire of languid inertia unless ardent practitioners themselves can activate the mental sphere of the numinous body. There cannot be any science of metaphysics until practitioners can judiciously remodel the abstruse tyrannical dynamics of the succinct cortical super-circuits. 

The construct of consciousness is medically defined in a puerile manner as a kind of activation of the reticular activating system of the central nervous system’s brain stem where there is an excessive axonal conductivity involving pre-cortical and cortical regions. Medical clinicians are reluctant to substantiate any kind of concept or paradigm related to the translocation of consciousness to the numinous body’s mental sphere. The salubrious relationship between the brain’s cortical circuits, and the predilections of the etheric body has not yet been defined lucidly by western philosophers; however, there are obscure references in indigenous occult ceremonies. Walt Whitman’s poem entitled Body Electric 25 depicts how the ecstatically activated mental sphere of the numinous body stimulates the entire etheric sphere. 

Socrates and those other philosophers who followed his discourse regarding the dynamics of the numinous essence in most instances did not reverently experience the ascendant marvel of the etheric body. Nietzsche thoroughly discussed this issue in his earliest work The Birth of Tragedy. 26 He argued vehemently that philosophers have been disinclined to lucidly explicate Dionysian revelry or the rapturous activation of the body’s numinous essence. It is impossible for empirical scientists in poetic terms to study a meta-phenomenon if it is direfully quiescent in their own bodily sphere; and neurologically speaking has abnegated and usurped its ineffable proclivities. Thus, for most neuroscientists the etheric body is engulfed in an enigmatic lethal sleep. Nietzsche explicated how the CNS’s neurological powers of ratiocination have annulled the body’s mercurial Dionysian predilections. Shelley earlier in his Defense of Poetry 27 affirmed the suppositions stated by Blake regarding the over dominance of cortical super circuits. Shakespeare asserts in A Midsummer Night’s Dream 28 “in a fine frenzied rolling” how the super circuitry of the CNS provides a physical praxis to the mind’s maniacal rapture. In 2400 years, there has been no genesis in terms of the relationship between the epigenetic remodeled neurological aberrant circuitry and the ineffable machinations of the numinous body’s mental sphere. English Romantics asserted that modernization represents a thorough stultification of the body’s numinous sphere. 

Meta-physicians have now purported that dark matter and energy comprises 95% of the universe. 29 The subatomic attributes of dark energy is very distinctive from traditional matter. It is possible that the physical body cryptically coalesces with the numinous essence in a similar fashion to how light based energy interfaces with non-traditional subatomic elements. The quest for propitious perception in most visionary artists is not relegated to the province of the CNS’s super circuitry, but rather the conscious powers of the body’s arcane mental sphere. Most cultures especially in indigenous societies have explicated the phenomenon of synesthesia or the ubiquitous prowess of the mental eye.

Western neuroscientists have referred to synesthesia as an occult unidentified super circuits of the cortex. They further assert that the pineal gland, which regulates the sleeping and waking cycles through the release of melatonin, is not related to the mental eye. Reptiles and mammals have a pineal gland which possesses receptors that are responsive to oscillations in light. 30 The third eye has been referred to in India or the upper Dantian in China as principle activator of the etheric body’s energy circulation as well as the apprehension of the incorporeal sphere. Dr. Shane in his work The Etheric  Power  Of The Mental Eye articulates  that the mind’s eye forms collaterals which innervate all aspects of the etheric body. 31 Joseph Campbell in his text the Mythic Image demonstrated that this is a cross-cultural meta-phenomenon. 32

The English Romantics did not comprehend how environmental factors affected the CNS’s conductivity or super circuits, astrocyte density, as well as protein expression of neurons leading to alterations of cortical executive functionality. These visionary artists did understand that there were a thorough stultification, and abnegation of the body’s interior consciousness or mirthful powers of ecstatic ascendance. Shelley and Blake depicted how the neurologically remodeled homosapiens cortical processes are vilely monstrous as a function of its interred desecrated numinous body. Blake’s poem The Tyger is where this poet depicts the pernicious nature of those humans who have fiendishly modulated the executive activities of their cortical circuitry. This cortical epigenetic phenomenon is certainly not volitional. 

There is now a plausible explication why humans have not been able to fully understand the beatific relationship between the brain’s cortical prowess, and the numinous body’s mental sphere. There has been enigmatic remodeling of cortical circuits and a kind of aberrant plasticity, which has resulted in the actual deleterious desecration of the numinous body. Neuropsychologists have not speculated on what is the etiological basis for the allostatic executive processes of the CNS. It is the author’s contention that a myriad of environmental factors have altered cortical super circuit functionality, which then manifests into changes in ideologies, belief systems, and overall behavioral dynamics including the stultification of the numinous body. Human volition may not necessarily be a phenomenon under the aegis of the homosapiens control.

Changes in diet as well as alterations in atmospheric chemical composition, enhanced population density, and sequestration from the natural environmental milieu are some of the factors contributing to neurological remodeling. 33, 34  There are most likely other variables such as oscillation in the Earth’s position in the galaxy as well as interventional occult elements which are not yet clearly defined that could be having an epigenetic influence on cortical functionality. 

There was a consensus of opinion amongst 19th century Romantic artists that there was an aberrant circuitry involving the executive cortex, which was derogating the prodigious powers of the numinous body’s mental sphere. It is evident that there does not appear to be any kind of nefarious intentionality, but rather an abysmal epigenetic remodeling. The consequence of these neurological events is that there has not been any resolution concerning the contentious siege between Plato and Aristotle for 2400 years. Furthermore, there is now a problematic regression where the CNS’s neurological activities are thoroughly abnegates the ebullience of the body’s etheric sphere. The enigmatic remodeling of the executive cortical architecture and functionality is now engendering a virulent contemporary overall phenotype where the majority of humans are overweight, lethargic, depressed, overstressed, and mentally compromised with an up-regulation of chronic anxiety as well as insomnia. Furthermore, these allostatic factors are now being translated into many other physiological maladies. 

Keats, Blake, Wordsworth, Shelley, and Novalis were concerned about the derogation of the etheric body; however, it is now manifested in the ruination of human optimal physiology. The author in his work entitled Jaguar Queen speaks about a kind of overall volitional reeducation of executive actions of the CNS mandated by the vaquishment of these nefarious cortical circuits, which can only be engendered by the re-genesis of the numinous body’s mental sphere. 35 This metaphysical revolution is enacted by the goddesses Athena and Diana who slaughter the conceptual consciousness associated with pernicious Zeus. The anthropomorphic iconic structures and theosophy of humans are a consecration of cortical super circuits as well as a reflection or manifestation of its epigenetic changes. 

Plato and Socrates were not privy to the central nervous system’s enfetterment of the numinous body. The relationship between these two realms of the body has become thoroughly problematic in the preceding 2400 years. Perception as a function of these executive aberrancies has become more diminutive and less robust. A philosophical works of Nietzsche represent a dismal failure of western metaphysical philosophy since Plato. We know less about the machinations of the etheric body than we did several millenniums ago. Conversely, there has been particular artistic visionaries who have experienced the nirvanic salubriousness between the body's physical sphere, and its numinous essence.

Most ancient indigenous societies have purported certain individuals who possessed prodigious ethereal proclivities as well as a salubrious environmental milieu, and were then able to actualize these furtive dimensions of the body. Optimal physiology enables the practitioner of the mystical arts as a foray to develop the esoteric attributes of the numinous essence. Currently, humans are not facilitating to those that are focused on heuristic etheric ascendance. It was stated earlier that most contemporary erudite scholars do not consider the body to possess an actual mystical sphere. Furthermore, there is not a meta-science of ontological genesis. Carl Jung did realize that humans unconsciously harbored an instinctual imperative to experience an intrinsic genesis of the body's furtive sphere. 

Jung appeared to comprehend the meta-sentience of the etheric body more conceptually than as an adroit practitioner. The metamorphosis of the etheric essence is depicted by Jung as hierarchical states of archetypes which are not necessarily reflective of the actual genesis of the numinous sphere. This psychiatrist was tethered by his cultural theosophical ethos whereas Plato and Socrates were not so irreverently encumbered. Joseph Campbell was less restrictive in his analysis; and was able to decipher to a particular degree the inner body's ontological genesis with a heightened perception, and was not tempered by his cultural myopic vision. Dr. Shane's Mystique of Energy, and Light on Shamanism are contemporary works which lucidly depict stages of viable ontological genesis. 36, 37

It was discussed in a preceding section in Nietzschian terms that ontological genesis is not related to fascinating hyperboles consecrated by cortical super circuits or Apollonian ratiocination, but rather the actual mystical metamorphosis of the numinous body. Indigenous hierophants utilize vegetative psychotropic agents like Psilocybin and Ayahuasca to appropriately temper the circuitry of the orbital frontal cortex where consciousness is not imprisoned by the gyves of the central nervous system, and then is able to mirthfully be inchoated with the numinous body's mental sphere. Atavistic martial art systems are not only edifying to the body's lower chakras, but more importantly develops the mental sphere where the cortical circuits amorously concedes to the mental sphere.

Indigenous humans have utilized arcane, transcendent eroticism to ascend the etheric essence into the celestial realm. Conversely, other indigenous social groups employed occult ritualism where these movement arts ecstatically incensed the numinous body to maniacally infuse to the celestial realm. Many atavistic societies comprehended how humans could activate the numinous body to then coalesce with an amorous partner who was likewise inwardly aroused. The resplendent blending of spiritual bodies enabled ethereal lovers to vertically ascend to the Elysian spheres of bewildering frenzy. All these mystical pursuits require that the practitioner has sufficiently developed the intrinsic machinations of the etheric body.

Many indigenous cultures have developed unique outward protocols to activate the inner body's chakra systems as well as micro-channel connections, which have been referred to as a micro-chakra network or a kind of chi circulation. 38 Practitioners cannot read a puerile text as a function of the cortex's intellectual prowess, and expect them to activate the various facets of the numinous body. It was discussed earlier that the actual etheric body must be activated, and cannot be morbidly inert or thoroughly desecrated. Furthermore, its physical counterpart must likewise be physiologically optimal in order for the ineffable essence to be profusely invigorated. Most importantly, cortical circuitry also cannot be remodeled in a pathophysiological manner. Shakespeare writes "with thoughts beyond the reaches of our souls" (Act I,Scene IV, Line 56). 39 Many earlier societal traditions realized that ratiocination is not an optimal strategy to develop an etheric body. Taoists of China as well as energy practitioners of India have developed ardent movement sequences to cultivate the numinous body. 40 These cultural traditions utilized edifying protocols to homeostatically subdue the rancid and deleterious machinations of aberrant cortical circuits in order to blithefully activate the etheric body where its mental sphere is then mirthfully puissant. Western philosophers, whether Plato, Descartes, Hegel or Kant were embroiled in the pedantry of their seething labyrinth or were plummeted in the nadir of encumbering ruminations where abstruse abstraction only further desecrated the rhapsodic mirth of the numinous essence.

Sagacious hierophants from a diverse array of cultural traditions are not inured in a quagmire of rational conception or dialectic whether the mind is distinctive from the brain's neurophysiological processes; and instead are utilizing in ameliorative strategies to actualize the mystical prodigiousness of the numinous body. Plato writes the following regarding the activation of the body's etheric faculties where cortical circuits are then inclined to dissuade their stalwart enfetterment:

"An soul of the lyric poet does same, they themselves say; for they tell us that they bring songs from honeyed fountains culling them out of the gardens in dwells of the muses; they like the bees winging their way from flower to flower and this true. For the poet is a light and winged and holy thing; and there is no invention in him until he has been inspired and is out of his senses. Reason is no longer in him; no man while he retains that faculty has the oracular gift". 41

Plato and Socrates unlike Aristotle and other philosophers which have followed for the preceding 2400 years recognized the limitations of ratiocination; and that the ecstatic revelry of the mental sphere resplendently blends with the ineffable celestial milieu, and the pedantry of neurological functionality provides a tangible praxis to this nirvanic rapture. Martin Heidegger was the only western philosopher who was able to forsake the sophistry of rationality to be enamored by the nineteenth century German romantic poet Hofmannsthal’s spiritual exhilarating proclivity.

Plato and Socrates were cognizant that the human body harbored the mercurial quintessence quite distinctive from the brain and physical body's physiology. Their philosophy of abstract rhetoric did laud the neurological machinations of cortical circuitry rather than the ontological genesis of the etheric body. Most atavistic societal traditions were not celebrating rhetorical labyrinths of delimiting perception or were not an odyssey of constructs disassociated from the mystical exaltation of the ascendant etheric body. Epigenetic modulation of cortical circuitry in the modern phenotype is retrograde to the ecstatic activation of the numinous body as well as its nirvanic genesis. Contemporary humans like Shakespeare’s King Lear are thoroughly sequestered from the body's numinous realm, and its prodigious consciousness.

Plato and Socrates understood that Greek Dionysian theater did celebrate the ritualistic exhilaration of the numinous body's ascendant mystical prowess. Conversely, Aristotle, in his Poetics with his invidious inner torpidness purported that the theatrical arts should laud the body's vile sentience where emotional catharsis with fastidious cursiveness pitifully deadens the etheric body's beatific revelry. 42 Shakespeare write the following: "So full of shapes is fancy, that it alone is fantastical”. 43 The protagonist of the play Twelfth Night is consumed by not the body's motivations or the brain's austere conception, but rather than the soul's desire of amorous exhilaration quite distinctive from the corporal realm's sentient proclivities.

Shakespeare's King Lear realized he has been wretchedly imprisoned by cortical circuitry; and the consciousness of his etheric body is aroused to experience its dismal vacuousness. Lear speaks the following pertaining to his liberation and vanquishment of cortical manacles. "And thou, all-shaking thunder, strike flat the thick rotundity of the world! Crack nature's molds, all genomes spill at once that makes ungrateful man." 44 Western philosophy can be regarded as a scurrilous limitation of perception away from Plato's appreciation and intuitive understanding of a numinous body's mystique of mystical revelry. Shakespeare voices the following pertaining to contemporary man's Apollonian immurement "Get thee glass eyes; and like scurvy politician, seem to see the things thou does not." 45

The synesthesia of vision is not the myopic sea of consciousness pejoratively tethered by the “mind-forged manacles”. Lear further remarked when sequestered from the mental constriction of his reason: "when we are born we cry that we are come to this great stage of fools." 46 In 2400 years since Plato, human consciousness has ruefully celebrated the dank servitude of the central nervous system's cortical tyranny not the prodigious ascendance of the etheric body's mental sphere ecstatically innervating the deep nuances of it’s corporality. Nietzsche writes that "I have borrowed my adjective from the Greeks, who developed their mystical doctrines of art through possible embodiment not through purely conceptual means,". 47 In summary, western theosophy and epistemology has negated the body's cryptic sphere, which is its magnanimous quintessence.


1.    Shakespeare, Hamlet, Methuen 1985, New York pg. 198

2.    Shakespeare, IBID Pg. 191

3.    Shakespeare, IBID pg. 173

4.    Owen Flanaga, The Problem of The Soul: Two Visions of Mind and How to Reconcile Them, Basic Books, 2002

5.    Santoro, Giuseppe M.D.; Wood, Mark D. Ph.D.; Merlo, Lucia M.D.; Anastasi, Giuseppe Pio M.D.; Tomasello, Francesco M.D.; Germanò, Antonino M.D., The Anatomic Location of the Soul from the Heart, Through the Brain, To the Whole Body, And Beyond: A Journey Through Western History, Science, and Philosophy, October 200-Volume 65, Congress of Neurological Surgeons

6.    The Poetry in Prose of William Blake, Double Day Company, New York 1965, pg. 24

7.    Whiteson, Roger, Panelling Parallax: The Fearful Symmetry of Alan Moore and William Blake, Department of English, University of Florida

8.    Broadie, S. (2001), Soul and Body in Plato and Descartes. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society (Hardback), 101: 295–308. doi: 10.1111/j.0066-7372.2003.00032.x

9.    Blake IBID pg. 69-83

10. Jung. C. G., Integration of the Personality, Oxford, England: Farrar & Rinehart (1939)

11. Campbell, Joseph, Mythological Themes in Creative Literature and Art, Myths, Dreams, and Religion, New York: EP Dutton & Co., Inc 1970

12.Harzard Adams, Critical Theory Since Plato, HBJ Publisher, 1971, Plato’s Ion, pg. 12-19

13. Y. Ikebe, H. Ezawa, Y. Fukazawa, M. Hirayama, Y. Ishisaki, K. Kikuchi, H. Kubo, K. Makishima, K. Matsushita, T. Oshashi, T. Takahashi, T. Tamura, Discovery of a Hierarchical Distribution of Dark Matter in the Fornax Cluster of Galaxies Confirmed the Existence of Dark Matter Through Gravity

14. Alain Manzure, Vincent Le Brun. Dark Matter, and Anti-Matter: In search of the Hidden Universe. 2012.p 72

15. Sunderland, LaRoy. Book of Human Nature: Illustrating The Philosophy, New Theory, Of Instinct, Nutrition, Life. September 2010. P.150

16.Blake OP.CIT. pg. 296-392

17.Blake IBID pg. 94-128

18.Ron Shane, Blake’s Mythic Conception of Man’s Fall into Outward Selfhood, 2014

19. Gary Hatfield and Holly Pittman. Evolution  of Mind, Brain, and Culture. 2013.p23

20.James Joyce’s Ulysses, 1922, Sylvia Beach

21. Huxley, The Doors of Perception, Harper and Row, 1954

22. Antonio Demasio, Descartes’ Error, Putnam Publisher, 1994

23. Powell, C. Thomas. Kant's Theory of Self-Consciousness, 1990

24. Parnia, Sam, Do reports of consciousness during cardiac arrest hold the key to discovering the nature of consciousness?, Medical hypotheses 69.4 (2007): 933-937.

25.Walt Whitman, Body Electric, Penguin Classics, 2005, pg. 127

26.Nietzsche, Friedrich, The Birth of Tragedy, trans, Walter Kaufman, New York: Vintage (1967)

27. Harzard Adams, OP.CIT. Shelley’s Defense of Poetry, pg. 499-514

28. William Shakespeare, The complete Works, Viking 1969 New York, A Midsummer Night’s Dream, pg. 146-175

29. Matos, Tonatiuh, F. Siddhartha Guzmán, and L. Arturo Urena-López, Scalar field as dark matter in the universe, Classical and Quantum Gravity 17.7 (2000): 1707

30. Stebbins, Robert Cyril, and Richard Marshall Eakin, The role of the" third eye" in reptilian behavior, American Museum novitates; no. 1870, (1958)

31. Ron Shane, The Etheric Power of the Mental Eye, 2014

32. Joseph Campbell, The Mythic Image, Princeton University Press, 1974 Princeton, New Jersey

33. May, Arne, Experience-dependent structural plasticity in the adult human brain, Trends in cognitive sciences 15.10 (2011): 475-482

35. Ron Shane, The Jaguar Queen,

36. Ron Shane, The mystique of Energy,, 2015

37. Ron Shane, Light on Shamanism,, 2015

38. .Bhatnagar, Sri Shyamji, and David Isaacs, Microchakras: InnerTuning for Psychological Well-being, Inner Traditions/Bear & Co, 2009

39. Shakespeare, Hamlet, OP. CIT, pg. 213

40. Patricia Buckley Ebrey. Confucianism and Family Rituals in Imperial China: A Social History of Writing about Rites. July 14 2014.p15

41. Harzard Adams, OP. CIT pg. 13

42. IBID Aristotle’s Poetic, pg. 48-67

43. Shakespeare, Twelfth Night, Methuen, New York, pg. 6

44. Shakespeare, King Lear, Methuen New York, pg. 100

45. IBID. pg. 169

46. IBID. Pg. 170

47. Harzard Adams, OP.CIT. From Nietzsche’s From Birth of Tragedy, pg. 636

Ron Shane ND PhD OMD MFA   Dr. Shane is a world-leading authority in body mind consciousness studies. See Bio section for more information about Dr. Shane.